By James A. Marcum
During this publication the writer explores the transferring philosophical limitations of contemporary scientific wisdom and perform occasioned through the challenge of quality-of-care, specially by way of a number of the humanistic alterations to the biomedical version. as a consequence he examines the metaphysical, epistemological, and moral limitations of those scientific versions. He starts off with their metaphysics, reading the metaphysical positions and presuppositions and ontological commitments upon which scientific wisdom and perform is based. subsequent, he considers the epistemological matters that face those scientific versions, relatively these pushed by way of methodological tactics undertaken by way of epistemic brokers to represent clinical wisdom and perform. ultimately, he examines the axiological barriers and the moral implications of every version, particularly when it comes to the physician-patient courting. In a concluding Epilogue, he discusses how the philosophical research of the humanization of recent drugs is helping to handle the crisis-of-care, in addition to the query of what's medicine?
The ebook s distinctive positive aspects comprise a complete assurance of a number of the subject matters within the philosophy of medication that experience emerged during the last numerous a long time and a philosophical context for embedding bioethical discussions. The publication s objective audiences contain either undergraduate and graduate scholars, in addition to healthcare pros philosophers.
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Extra resources for An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine: Humanizing Modern Medicine (Philosophy and Medicine) (Philosophy and Medicine)
Organicism is a notion that entails organic unity, especially in terms of the organismal unit. It emphasizes structure or organization in contrast to composition. In this sense, it is not necessarily dependent on physicalism or materialism, since emergent properties need not be reduced to material or physical components. In other words, the emergent property need not be physical or material. 20 Importantly, the rejection of physicalism or materialism does not mean that organicists embrace vitalism, especially the variety that envisions an élan vital or an entelechy as an emergent property.
62). Attitude refers to a stance or position taken toward the world, especially in terms of a mental attitude and the assumptions associated with the world’s ontological nature. For a scientific worldview, a set of attitudes includes the various stances or positions and assumptions or presuppositions that are important for formulating scientific theories, laws, and hypotheses to account for the ontological entities that compose the natural world. As such, then, worldview is a metaphysical notion and is analyzed herein in terms of metaphysical positions and presuppositions, as well as ontological commitments.
Irene Switankowsky (2000) identified four advantages of dualistic interactionism for the practice of medicine. The first is that the physician treats the patient as a whole person rather than simply as a diseased body part. The illness often affects more than simply some part of the patient’s body but also other dimensions of the patient, especially in terms of existential concerns. This leads to another advantage of dualistic interactionism, which is the concern the physician exhibits for the “lived-experience” of the patient’s illness.