By Gregg Henriques
Hindrance approximately psychology’s fragmentation isn't new, yet there has for the previous decade been expanding demands psychologists to recognize to the prices linked to fragmentation and to go looking for tactics to unify the discipline.
A New Unified concept of Psychology introduces a brand new approach that addresses psychology’s present theoretical and philosophical problems. the hot conception involves 4 interlocking items that jointly provide—for the 1st time—a macro-level view that clarifies the character of psychology’s difficulties and gives a transparent strategy to unify many of the parts of the sector. The unified concept offers the sector of psychology with a well-defined subject material, permitting either educational psychologists can be in a position to strengthen a shared language and conceptual foundation.
From the reviews:
"...the writer takes at the super formidable problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its kin with different sciences, deciding upon its key theoretical rules, and resolving its a number of schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technological know-how, animal/human, bewildering array of doubtless nonoverlapping theories and therapies)...He has an awesome skill to explain, examine, and summarize in a couple of pages large and complex parts of analysis (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral types of depression.......) with out getting slowed down in learn details...I specifically loved the extra own information and anecdotes the ebook structure gave him the gap to incorporate -- e.g., improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he used to be overdue getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad college. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as element of departure unique research of what he saw as venture director for a scientific trial of cognitive remedy in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released record of the study...All informed, it's now not gentle studying, but when you get pleasure from pondering colossal photo subject matters you will discover loads of foodstuff for inspiration here." (Dave Haaga, American collage, September 2011)
"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined through incompatible competing faculties of thought.and can't be thought of a mature technology, simply because there's no feel within which every one new release of researchers builds upon the center analytical insights of earlier generations of researchers… This ebook is written for scientific and learn psychologists, and consequently avoids this sort of mathematical version development and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it really is virtually very unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists give some thought to psychology to be a thought of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the thought of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. as a result, Henriques takes his first aim to be that of "locating" the sector ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of information with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that's studied through physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied through biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that is the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and maximum, is "Culture," studied via the social sciences. Henriques can pay exact cognizance to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of information. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled through organic evolutionary conception, the Life-Mind junction is modeled by way of what he calls Behavioral funding idea, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled by means of what he calls Justification thought. by way of Behavioral funding thought, Henriques capability primarily the rational selection version of selection, organic and fiscal thought, even supposing he provides a size of complexity to human habit through announcing that Justification concept calls for a "rational emotional actor" that isn't adequately modeled in ordinary rational selection concept (p., 46). i would upload that Henriques additionally comprises online game concept as a part of Behavioral funding idea, just because decision-making while there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This perspective is simple to monetary concept. In biology, the extension of determination conception (e.g., foraging thought) to video game conception was once pioneered by way of John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the speculation of video games (Cambridge college Press, 1982), and now could be regular in all of animal habit idea. In Henriques' cutting edge terminology, social interactions are ruled through an "Influence Matrix," that is a part of the psychology of the person that regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional part of such interplay and avoids all video game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the position of incentives and payoffs within the collection of behaviors ruled through the impression Matrix… i think Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding conception is crucial integrating idea during this ebook. If this precept by myself have been included uniformly all through study psychology, it's going to offer a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified thought of Psychology is terrifically difficult, to the purpose of might be being a brand new starting for psychology as a examine discipline.” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and significant eu collage, September 2011)
“Offers a collection of nested frameworks that places diverse components of mental learn and perform right into a coherent dating with one another. … it's also important that the ebook has first-class transitions, with summaries usually reminding the readers the place they've been and awaiting the place they're going. … If i'll educate a graduate-level advent to Psychology, this might be the e-book. If i may suggest one booklet to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sector, this could be the book.” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)
From the again Cover
Following the dying of the so-called grand theories provided by means of luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sphere of psychology mostly gave up its early aspirations to color a wide photograph of the human situation, and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slender scope. The end result has been a proliferation of fascinating findings with out genuine means to reply to large questions or to generate a shared common realizing of the human situation. This ebook seeks to alter the established order and provides up a brand new unified conception of psychology that redefines the technological know-how and the career and paints a brand new photo of human nature within the procedure.
A New Unified concept of Psychology
“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical mixture of sweeping scope and ambitious micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this situation, any critical attempt to supply integration and cohesion inside of mental wisdom and realizing is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard is not just critical, yet the most cogent, scholarly, refined, fantastically reasoned, sincerely articulated, and accessibly written shows of a unified idea in psychology that i've got obvious in my 50 years within the discipline.”
Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers University
“As the sector of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous booklet represents a noble quest to supply a extensive, values-based, and medical framework which holds the facility to arrange our paintings and circulation us ahead in powerful, new ways.”
Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, college of North Carolina-Charlotte
“In this very bold ebook, Henriques makes a robust case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental learn and conception. even if various readers will most likely make diverse judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold that could maybe encourage psychologists to appear outdoor the slender confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their considering to the right way to handle the total diversity of human habit and experience.”
Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY
“Concise, erudite, and useful, this ebook is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver previous fragmented domain names of data to a consilient framework, so as to enable multi-disciplinary discourse and clinical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend your time familiarizing themselves with the techniques and recommendations offered during this seminal quantity by way of a number one scholar.”
Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,
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Additional resources for A New Unified Theory of Psychology
Strongly articulating this concern, Yanchar (2004, p. 1279) wrote Henriques’ proposal proceeds as if such unity were an uncontroversial goal, desired by psychologists across the discipline irrespective of their theoretical and philosophical leanings. An examination of the literature of fragmentation, however, suggests that many have cautioned against this type of unification, arguing that it would undermine open scientific inquiry and essentially force psychology into a theoretical straightjacket.
This is due in no small part to the fact that philosophers themselves have not resolved the foundational issues upon which the effective conception of a science of psychology rests. Consider that the well-known philosopher John Searle (2004) argued all of the major perspectives in philosophy of mind (including dualism, behaviorism, functionalism, materialism, cognitivism) are wrong. The first chapter in Searle’s book, A Dozen Problems in the Philosophy of Mind, includes sections on the mind– body problem, the question of animal minds, the problem of free will, the problem of the self/personal identity, and the problem of the unconscious.
There are a multitude of reasons, in addition to a naïve reliance on scientific methodology. The subsequent sections provide a brief review of five major problem domains identified by critics like Koch and many others. These are (1) problems of definition and subject matter; (2) problems in the philosophy of mind, brain, and behavior; (3) problems of epistemology, mission, and values; (4) problems of disconnected domains of causality; and (5) problems of proliferation. It is important to note that my treatment of these domains will not be comprehensive, as these conceptual problems could fill—and have—many Problems of Definition and Subject Matter 31 volumes.