A Companion to Relativism by Steven D. Hales

February 23, 2017 | Metaphysics | By admin | 0 Comments

By Steven D. Hales

A better half to Relativism offers unique contributions from best students that deal with the most recent considering at the position of relativism within the philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of technology, good judgment, and metaphysics.

  • Features unique contributions from a number of the best figures engaged on a variety of facets of relativism
  • Presents a considerable, extensive variety of present pondering relativism
  • Addresses relativism from a number of the significant subfields of philosophy, together with philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of technological know-how, good judgment, and metaphysics

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Ratio 5 (New Series), 57–73. Quine, W. V. O. (1951). Two dogmas of empiricism. Philosophical Review 60, 20–43. Repr. in From a Logical Point of View. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1953. Recanati, F. (2007). Perspectival Thought. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Ressler, M. R. (2009). The logic of relative systems. PhD thesis, University of Melbourne. au/10187/4295. Searle, J. (1969). Speech Acts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Shogenji, T. (1997). The consistency of global relativism.

For all these claims are of the form (i) and support a corresponding claim of form (ii). But normally these claims are not thought of as forms of relativism. One conclusion to draw would be that while a pair of theses of form (i) and (ii) is a necessary component of relativism about a feature F, this is not yet sufficient. One might then go on to search for some missing condition which, together with (i) and (ii) is sufficient. However, I do not regard that as a promising project. The term “relativism” is indeed normally reserved for theses that are at least in some sense controversial or surprising or philosophically interesting, such as the following claims of relativism about beauty and about moral permissibility: (AR) It is relative to an aesthetic standard whether an object is beautiful.

If fully informed parties were to meet such subjective standards in an ideal or optimal way and still disagree, there wouldn’t be any further matters of fact of which they were ignorant, in the light of which their disagreement could in principle be resolved; and so their disagreement would be irresoluble in the requisite sense, for metaphysical reasons. ) Many opponents of relativism accept the consensus view of the doctrine’s intuitive content, and then go on to argue that the doctrine is false.

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